Notes or features of God

1)     GOD IS IMMUTABLE

A being that has in himself the reason of his existence must be immutable, i.e. not undergo any change at all. Any change in his being would be either an increase

or a decrease of such a being. As for an increase, not having any other reason or cause for his existence outside of Himself, where could such an increase come from? And how could He experiment a decrease of his being when He always carries the reason of existence in Himself, not having a cause that has not to do with Himself?  (or, better said, not having any cause at all,  being He the Self-caused or “No caused at all”)

 

As a consequence of God being immutable, it follows that the Universe, conformed to mutation, to become, to be different tomorrow from today, to be more or less perfect today than tomorrow, cannot be God. A similar consequence is that pantheistic conceptions that speak about a God that becomes more perfect, are not speaking about the true God. Similarly, other religions with pantheistic tendencies, by saying, on the one hand,  that everything, including man, is God and, on the other hand, that such man-god had a downfall, can neither speak about the true God, because a true and immutable God cannot experience falls or be less than He was.

 

Another consequence is that God, being the same today as tomorrow, is above time and lives somehow in an unique and eternal present time, from where everything is shown him clearly and from where he acts eternally. Men as we are, it seems to us that God does things one after the other, and God Himself adapts His language to our temporal condition in order to communicate with us, as if He were bound to time as we are; but really He, that is above time and not bound by it, acts in an unique present time.

 

2)     GOD IS UNMIXED

This means he is not composed of parts but unmixed. In every composed being, the parts are different than the whole and the whole gets its being from the parts. If God were made by portions, He would get His being from the portions which, by themselves, wouldn’t be the whole, i.e. they wouldn’t be God; thus God would get His existence from beings that are not God and the necessary being would get His being from not necessary beings. That would be a contradiction, since the necessary Being, through which all beings get their being, would have His being from not necessary beings and that’s why He would not be necessary, and he would not be God.

 

As a consequence, it follows for example that God cannot be composed by matter, because the material parts would be limited, not necessary and not immutable beings  and therefore God, the necessary and immutable Being, would be composed by not necessary and  not immutable beings and thus He wouldn’t be God. Therefore, God cannot be composed by matter. Consequently, God is spirit as He is intelligent and not material.

 

3)GOD IS INFINITE

To say infinite is  to say that He has no limits. All perfections of existing beings must also be, to the highest degree, in the source of such beings, i.e., in God. Furthermore, all  perfections of all possible beings must also be in God, because all the possible beings are possible due to the existence and the power of God.

Moreover, the Bible tells us that “nothing is impossible for God (Lucas, 1, 37)” i.e. that  God can do everything, that He is almighty and omnipotent. If He can do everything and He is good, he must have an inconceivable, indescribable and infinite holiness and goodness. Furthermore, He must have everything good to an infinite degree. Thus, He must be infinitely merciful, must have infinite truth, infinite peace, infinite happiness. His goodness is infinite and we cannot start to imagine to what degree. The widest knowledge we can have of God is scarcely a stuttering compared to His infinite greatness, power and goodness.

4)THERE IS ONLY ONE GOD

God is infinite and two infinities cannot exist simultaneously. If they are different, they are not infinite or perfect, because neither of them has what is exclusive to the other one. If they are not distinct, they are the same being. Thus, there exists only one and unique God.

5)GOD IS LOVE

Reason, without being illuminated by faith, cannot understand in the whole this characteristic of God. Here we have the main or essential trait of God, in the presence of which all the other notes, even being infinite perfections, turn pale. The New Testament says that God is Love, this revelation being ratified by the death and resurrection of God incarnated, the sacrifice  of Jesus. That God loved the world so much, that He gave Himself, the Word Child of God, for mankind’s salvation. The surest way to know this God who has loved us so much is to love Him. So, an illiterate person who loves God with all his or her heart and through Him all his brothers and sisters knows more about God than the best learned person or theologian who do not love Him as much. The same way  an uneducated man can be much more in love with his wife than a learned one.

But if God is Love, the person who loves more will know Him better, who is infinite love and has created us by love. If we are true to His Will, which is a love will, we are destined to be some day  happy and blessed in Heaven.

[That is what the faith reveals, but byreasonalone we can also stammer something:  As mentioned above, when we doubt that God is good, we are implicitly asserting we can imagine something better than God (often we think that we are better than God, when we say for instance “I wouldn’t allow this to happen”). However, where would the goodness of this something better than God come from? Since its being comes not from itself and all things come from God, its goodness would come from God. And if it comes from God, God must forcibly have such goodness. Therefore, we see that is a contradiction in terms to imagine something better than God: on the contrary, the goodness that we see in some people is speaking to us about God’s goodness which we are allowed to suppose infinitely higher. And if God is good and we believe that love is one of the characteristics of goodness, we must believe that Love is in Him at a maximum degree. (Faith tells us much more -and raises us to sublime areas-: “that He is Love”).